ii) Source of beta-glucans and minerals
• From the nutritional aspect, the sclerotium of L. rhinocerotis is considered to be a good source of dietary fibre rich in beta-glucans.2
• According to Zekovic et al., mushrooms’ beta-glucans have been reported to exhibit diﬀerent eﬀects (e.g., immune-booster, anti-tumour) when compared with beta-glucan from oats and barley (e.g., lowering cholesterol and blood sugar levels).3
• Findings from another local study in 2013 reported the major constituents of L. rhinocerotis sclerotia were carbohydrates (monosaccharides and disaccharides) while the fat content was significantly low i.e., less than 1%.4
• As published by Lau et al., the beta-glucans represented the dominant glucans in the aqueous extracts of L. rhinocerotis, which was 82–93% of total glucan (w/w).1
• The minerals (calcium, potassium, sodium, and magnesium) were also higher in the cultivated strain. In general, investigation revealed that the nutrient composition of the sclerotium of cultivated strain of tiger milk mushroom was higher in comparison to that of the wild strain.